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Facts about foreign interference in Hong Kong affairs
2019/08/23

i. Oslo Freedom Forum: Activists gather to share secrets of successful protest(20141021,BBC Newsnight)

The forum is taking place while protests continue in Hong Kong

Where might you find a North Korean defector, a self-confessed Serbian troublemaker, a Tiananmen Square protester and members of punk group Pussy Riot in the same room?

While Hong Kong's students continue their protests and stumbling negotiations with the territory's authorities, democracy activists from around the world, some of whom have helped their struggle, gather together.

The Oslo Freedom Forum is one of the biggest meetings of human rights activists in the world, and this year its rather surreal proceedings have a different tension, as activists trying to take on Beijing's actions in Hong Kong seek to hold their ground.

Activists are furious at what they see as Beijing's proposals to fix the election of Hong Kong's next chief executive.

'Trained demonstrators'

However, far from being impromptu demonstrations, it is an open secret at this meeting in Norway that plans were hatched in Hong Kong for the demonstrations nearly two years ago.

The ideas was to use non-violent action as a "weapon of mass destruction" to challenge the Chinese government.

Organisers prepared a plan to persuade 10,000 people on to the streets, to occupy roads in central Hong Kong, back in January 2013.

They believed that China's moves to control the Hong Kong election would provide a flashpoint where civil disobedience could be effective, and planned accordingly.

Their strategies were not just to plan the timing and nature of the demonstrations, but also how they would be run.

BBC Newsnight has been told that some leading protestors received advice and materials from Western activists to help them train as many as 1,000 of those who would later be involved in the demonstrations

'New world race'

Yang Jianli, a Chinese academic, was part of the protests in Tiananmen Square 25 years ago.

He has been talking to the Hong Kong students on a daily basis.

He says that the students are better organised than the Tiananmen protesters ever were, with clearer, more effective structures for their action and clearer goals about what they are trying to achieve.

But he adds that responsibility for what happens next is not just down to the protesters themselves, not just down to other democracy activists like those gathered here in Oslo, but to the rest of the world.

Jamila Raqib, the executive director of the Albert Einstein Institution based near Boston, which analyses and distributes studies on non-violent struggle, says it is clear that protesters have been trained how to behave during a protest.

"How to keep ranks, how to speak to police, how to manage their own movement, how to use marshals in their movement, people who are specially trained.

"It was also how to behave when arrested - practical things like the need for food and water, movement can last longer when people are taken care of, and also how to manage a water cannon being used against you, and other types of police violence."

In a statement Occupy Central with Love and Peace (OCLP) said none of its members had attended the Oslo Freedom Forum or received "any specific training" from the organisations mentioned in this report.

OCLP said it had openly held "non-violent protest" workshops in Hong Kong but these were "wholly organized by OCLP, without any support or intervention from foreign organisations."

It also said the "initiators" of OCLP had never been in contact with Yang Jianli, nor had OCLP been in contact with Jamila Raqib.

Protests don't always work.

Srdja Popovic, one of the student leaders involved in overthrowing Slobodan Milosevic, was another of the protest veterans in Oslo.

Srdja Popovic says you have to understand the "rules of the non-military battlefield"

He has since trained activists in 40 countries, but he says the techniques of non-violent action that he advocates have led to successful and lasting change in only six or seven countries.

He argues that there is more need than ever for the methods of organisation and leadership to be shared.

He says that after the 20th Century military race, "what we are seeing now is a new world race - now it is 'can the good guys learn as well as the bad guys?'."

'Schmoozing for democracy'

Mr Popovic has not had any involvement with the Hong Kong protests, but says whether in Georgia, Ukraine, Egypt or Hong Kong "you can look at these movements - and see the set of rules".

"You have to understand the rules of the non-military battlefield."

His work in Oslo, along with the writings of the American human rights activist, Gene Sharp, is in high demand.

There is something incongruous about the Oslo meeting - seeing Chinese dissidents, American computer hackers, activists from Africa, the Middle East and Russia trade information over champagne and canapés.

Media caption Members of Pussy Riot are attending the Oslo Freedom Forum. Watch Laura's report

Like any conference, a good deal of the work is done after hours, even if it is schmoozing for democracy.

Two members of Russian opposition female punk group Pussy Riot, members of which were put in jail by President Putin, are here too.

They say they want to "make personal contacts" and meet others doing similar human rights work.

What this event shows is that struggles for democracy or human rights in the 21st Century rarely happen in isolation.

Activists, whether those on the streets of Hong Kong right now, or from other parts of the world, are sharing information and insights faster than ever before.

(https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-29708917)

ii. What causes the Hong Kong protests?(20190811,CGTN)

Over the past two months, Hong Kong has experienced chaos and

confusion that have wrecked the Asian financial hub profoundly. As the crisis goes on, Hong Kong protests are becoming severely irrational. Meanwhile, more evidences showing foreign interference in Hong Kong affairs are emerging and exposing continuously.

So who plot the work of "evil behind-the-scenes masterminds" that have incited and funded violent protests? Well, the answer is absolutely obvious.

A report in Hong Kong major newspaper Ta kung Pao said there had been a meeting between several radical opposition figures, including the "Hong Kong independence" activist Joshua Wong and a female official from the U.S. on Tuesday. Later, the secret lady's identify was disclosed as Julie Eadeh, political unit chief of the U.S. Consulate General in Hong Kong & Macau.

Undeniable facts

Joshua Wong then confirmed the meeting under media pressures but dismissed the claim of collusion. He said "there is nothing special" in their conversation but didn't mention the duty of the U.S. official and how many of them joined. And it is even more ridiculous that the separatists threatened to wage student strikes in September via social media websites after that.

On Thursday, the Office of the Commissioner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China in Hong Kong lodged solemn representations and expressed dissatisfaction and opposition, demanding clarification from the U.S. side.

Morgan Ortagus, the U.S. spokesperson, later admitted the meeting at a press conference, claiming that U.S. government representatives "meet regularly with a wide cross-section of people across Hong Kong and Macau". The U.S. State Department accused Hong Kong media reports of "leaking an American diplomat's private information" and called China "a thuggish regime".

She also noted that this is what American diplomats do every single day around the world to meet with opposition individuals. Indeed, many countries are disordered by thuggish U.S. diplomacy.

Again, Washington wants to call white black and distort the truth. In a separate statement, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said the U.S. State Department spokesperson should first reflect on her own words and deeds and should not use media reports to attack or blame other countries' governments. She also urged the U.S. side to abide by international law and basic norms governing international relations.

More facts

Since the beginning of amendments to a fugitive transfer bill in Hong Kong, rumors that this move will affect Hong Kong's high degree of autonomy and global confidence have been spread out. Though the law has long been pronounced dead, violent demonstrations persist. And they have evolved into overt provocations against ordinary people, businesses and lawful authorities.

In late February, Kurt W. Tong, U.S. Consul General in Hong Kong and Macao, criticized the HKSAR government for amendments to the fugitive bill and China's "One Country, Two Systems" principle.

In March, U.S. Department of State issued the "2019 Hong Kong Policy Act Report" which accused Chinese central government of implementing or instigating a number of actions that were inconsistent with the Basic Law and the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984. In the context, U.S. Department of State distorted facts maliciously, claiming that HKSAR government's crackdown on "Hong Kong independence" activists, the introduction of National Anthem Law and Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link were all the proof of erosion of Hong Kong democracy and freedom.

Also in June, U.S. Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi publicly stated that Hong Kong demonstrations were "a beautiful sight to behold" and part of congressmen raked up the so-called "Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act". Then in July, Pence and U.S. National Security Advisor John Bolton held meetings with Hong Kong opposition leaders.

Beyond that, more American faces appeared in Hong Kong violent demonstration scenes from media exposed pictures, even the figure of American flag.

The U.S. is not satisfied in overt oral support for Hong Kong, but resorts to financial backing. It's not a harshly-worded statement that the

U.S. government is pumping up loads of cash via the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) to some of the organizations in Hong Kong who mainly plotted and participated in the highly-tensed protests.

Although the NED defines itself as a private, non-profit organization committed to strengthening democratic institutions worldwide, it has been on suspicion of in league with Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and accused of playing a role in covert actions against governments.

Founded in 1983, the entity has four main branches, two of which – the Solidarity Center and the National Democratic Institute – seem quite active in Hong Kong. It has granted some 355,000 U.S. dollars to these two organizations for their work in the city last year alone, and has been in contact with the so-called "pro-independence movement."

Although former U.S. president Ronald Reagan established the NED as a more discreet and less controversial instrument to "export democracy," China has always been alert about foreign interference into its internal affairs – a bottom line for many other countries in the world.

Looking back on it, Hong Kong's grim situation indicates that the West has been the "black hand" behind the stage to whip up Hong Kong youth that "only violence can solve problems," to fool innocent citizens unaware of the truth. Of course, U.S. administration has particularly played a disgraceful role in the riots. Washington publicly supports the radical protesters but never condemns violence targeting Hong Kong police.

So does the "double standard" really make sense to the world?

(https://news.cgtn.com/news/2019-08-10/Who-has-stirred-Hong-Kong-chaos--J2cVBSCzZu/index.html)

iii. Who is behind Hong Kong protests?(20190817,China Daily)

It's not hard to imagine the United States' reaction if Chinese diplomats met leaders of Occupy Wall Street, Black Lives Matter or Never Trump protesters.

On Aug 6, Hong Kong media reported two meetings between a US political counselor and separatist leaders. Julie Eadeh, who works at the US Consulate General in Hong Kong, was caught on camera meeting with opposition figures Martin Lee and Anson Chan.

Later that day, Eadeh also met Joshua Wong, one of the leaders of the illegal "Occupy Central" movement in 2014.

But long before those reports, there was growing evidence of a deliberate US hand in the worsening of the situation in Hong Kong. US politicians have met with Lee and other Hong Kong opposition leaders, including Jimmy Lai.

Those meetings have only added fuel to the criminal deeds jeopardizing Hong Kong.

China has repeatedly asked US to stop interfering in other countries' domestic affairs but it seems the latter has no intention of withdrawing its "meddling hand".

The protest's messaging, and the groups associated with it, raise a number of questions about just how organic the movement is.

MintPress News, a US news website, has reported that some groups involved in recent rioting in Hong Kong received significant funding from the National Endowment for Democracy, which it described as "a CIA soft-power cutout that has played a critical role in innumerable US regime-change operations".

Although it promotes itself as a "non-governmental organization", the NED's website says it "receives an annual appropriation from the US Congress through the Department of State, to help the US government".

"NED's NGO status allows it to work where there are no government to government relations and in other environments where it would be too complicated for the US government to work."

NED was founded in 1983, when the spotlight on the CIA was so intense that new methods — without a clear connection to the US state — had to be found to promote US interests in foreign political systems.

Presenting itself as an independent and private NGO, its function was to take over the CIA's political regime-change programs.

"We should not have to do this kind of work covertly. It would be terrible for democratic groups around the world to be seen as subsidized by the CIA," NED President Carl Gershman told the New York Times in 1986. "We saw that in the sixties, and that's why it has been discontinued. We have not had the capability of doing this, and that's why the endowment was created."

In 1991, The Washington Post quoted another NED founder, Allen Weinstein, as saying "a lot of what we do today was done covertly 25 years ago by the CIA".

NED doesn't hide its support for "democratization" in certain Asian countries, proclaiming on its website: "In 2017, the Endowment prioritized countries in Asia ... where the NED was positioned to have the greatest impact. Building upon NED's strategy from previous years, programs continued to be concentrated on key countries within each sub-region."

Voice of America interviewed Louisa Greve, then vice-president of NED's programs for Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, in 2014. It said the organization had been funding programs in Hong Kong for about two decades, with grants totaling several million dollars. Greve said the level of support had been consistent during that period.

VOA said NED's three partners in Hong Kong were the US-based Solidarity Center and Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor, which received grants of around $150,000 and had been working in Hong Kong since 1997, and the US National Democratic Institute, which had a $400,000 grant.

MintPress News said NED funding for groups in Hong Kong actually dates back to 1994, with HKHRM receiving more than $1.9 million between 1995 and 2013.

The NED's website shows it granted $155,000 to SC and $200,000 to NDI for work in Hong Kong, and $90,000 to Hong Kong Justice Center in 2018. NDI received $650,000 from 2016 to 2017, and SC received $459,865 from 2015 to 2017.

Through the work of its three partners in Hong Kong, NED has had close relations with other groups in the region.

An episode of The News with Rick Sanchez on Russia's RT TV network in July disclosed that six organizations are taking money from and working with NED.

They are the HK Institute of Human Resource Management, the HK Confederation of Trade Unions, the HK Journalists Association, the Civic Party, the Labor Party and the Democratic Party, whose founding chairman is Martin Lee.

They are all members of the Civil Human Rights Front, a coalition Hong Kong media, including the South China Morning Post and Hong Kong Free Press, say is the organizer of the anti-extradition law demonstrations.

In an interview with the Fox News show DEFCON 3 in 2014, Michael Pillsbury, a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute, said the US holds some influence over political matters in Hong Kong.

"We have also funded millions of dollars of programs through the National Endowment for Democracy … so in that sense the Chinese accusation (that the US played a role in Hong Kong protests) is not totally false…" he said.

It is inconceivable that the organizers of the current Hong Kong protests are unaware of the NED's ties to some of the coalition's members. In her interview with VOA in 2014, Greve said activists knew the risks of working with NED partners, "but they still say 'international cooperation is legitimate'".

In March, US Vice President Mike Pence met Anson Chan and opposition lawmakers Charles Mok and Dennis Kwok in Washington.

Two months later, Lee visited the US and met with US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and participated in an event organized by NED.

Early last month, Lai met with US politicians including Pence, Pompeo, National Security Adviser John Bolton and some Republican senators.

The same sequence of events occurred in the illegal "Occupy Central" movement in 2014.

Lee and Chan discussed plans for "Occupy Central" with Greve in Washington in April 2014, telling her about the movement, its key players, agenda and demands.

Two days later, Martin Lee and Anson Chan met then US vice-president Joe Biden.

NED, described by American historian William Blum as an organization that often does exactly the opposite of what its name implies, has never stopped its global meddling. It uses the tool of democracy to fan "color revolutions" around the world.

The South China Morning Post says it commits more than $170 million each year to "labor unions, political factions, student clubs, civic groups, and other organizations".

In the 1980s, it funded "democratic forces" in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria to agitate for "regime change", according to a Washington Post report in 1991.

More recently, it has sought to influence elections in Mongolia, Albania, Bulgaria, and Slovakia and has built "anti-Russia movements in... Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Georgia, Serbia, Kosovo, and Bosnia-Herzegovina", according to Stephen Kinzer, an international and public affairs specialist at Brown University, who said the organization should be more properly called the "National Endowment for Attacking Democracy". NED has also given money to "civic groups" in China's Xinjiang Uygur and Tibet autonomous regions to sabotage the region's stability.

Zhang Guoqing, an expert from the Chinese Academy of Social Science told Global People that NED is an old hand at planning "color revolutions" around the world, especially in Middle Asia, the Middle East, and South America. These kind of "revolutions" have become a major political tool for the US to subvert state power, said Zhang.

It claims to be safeguarding democracy around the world, but is, in fact, bringing destabilization to the countries it targets at US taxpayers' expense.

(https://www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/201908/17/WS5d578b28a310cf3e 355664f1.html)

iv. US foundation supporting HK riots shows‘Americanization’ aims: observers (0818Global Times)

A CIA-backed US foundation has been colluding with the heads of the recent Hong Kong riots with financial and strategic support, actions that Chinese experts said show the US' intention of "Americanization" which is endangering Hong Kong.

Sentaku, a Japanese monthly magazine, revealed in August how the foreign forces represented by the US, manipulate the Hong Kong chaos.

The magazine said that Hong Kong extremists received significant funding from the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), which it called "a CIA soft-power cutout that has played a critical role in innumerable US regime-change operations."

Under the Reagan administration in 1983, the NED was founded to "support democracy in other countries."

The NED's website shows that it granted $155,000 to the Solidarity Center (SC) and $200,000 to National Democratic Institute (NDI) for International Affairs for work in Hong Kong, and $90,000 to the Hong Kong Justice Center in 2018. NDI received $650,000 from 2016 to 2017, and SC received $459,865 from 2015 to 2017.

"US foundations like the NED have been promoting 'Americanization' around the world," Li Haidong, a professor at the China Foreign Affairs University's Institute of International Relations in Beijing, told the Global Times on Sunday.

According to Li, the foundation conducts "transformation" in various regions around the world tangibly and intangibly, but in fact it is a behind the scenes player for color revolutions. It is also the US' way of violating the internal affairs of other countries.

"This is a tradition of US diplomacy," Li noted. "The US does not even try to cover its goal of promoting 'Americanized' governance, which has now been proven a failure and is ridiculous."

Western forces have been directly or indirectly involved in the Hong Kong riots, Shi Yinhong, director of Renmin University of China's Center for American Studies in Beijing, told the Global Times on Sunday.

He noted that the interference also includes media promotion, which aims to encourage the protests to follow the desired direction. "The intention is obvious - to endanger Hong Kong and endanger China."

Splittist camp

Leung Chun-ying, former chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, in 2014 warned that foreign forces had been involved in Hong Kong affairs, including the Occupy Central movement.

Martin Lee Chu-ming, known as the "father of democracy" and "extremist" in Hong Kong, in May 2015 called for Western governments to speak out for Hong Kong.

The opposition camp is publicly colluding with forces attempting to split Xinjiang and Tibet from China. Hong Kong's Wen Wei Po reported in May 2015 that during the Occupy Central movement, leading figures of the opposition camp, including Law Kwun-chung and Chow Yong-kang, went to the US for a "study camp" hosted by a "Civil Force" organization. There, the Hong Kong riot leaders "exchanged experiences" with those from Xinjiang and Tibet independence parties as well as the Falun Gong cult.

Wen Wei Po said that the "Civil Force" was founded by Yang Jianli, who was believed to be a spy for Taiwan. The camp would invite "anti-China and separatist" organizations to study how to confront China every year. The camp is sponsored by the NED, said the report.

US government-backed

On the webpage of NED, it claims to be "a private, non-profit, grant-making organization that receives an annual appropriation from the US Congress." A founder of the NED, Allen Weinstein, told the Washington Post in 1991 that "A lot of what we do today was done covertly 25 years ago by the CIA."

"US Government, NGOs Fuel and Fund Hong Kong Anti-Extradition Protests," read an article published on the Global Research website in Canada in mid-June. "Maintaining Hong Kong's distance from China has been important to the US for decades."

MintPress News, a US media outlet, said that NED funding for groups in Hong Kong dates back to 1994. Between 1995 and 2013, Hong Kong Human Rights Monitor received more than $1.9 million from the NED.

The Hong Kong Post reported in 2018 that protesters consulted with the NED during the Occupy Central movement in 2014.

Searching "Hong Kong" on the NED website, the Global Times reporter found at least 14 items, including $1.95 million in funding for the region.

In May, the foundation invited some "pro-secession" activists to attend a seminar, after which the violence in Hong Kong streets became increasingly severe, echoing the voice of anti-China politicians and NGOs in Washington.

The Sentaku magazine said that China has released measures for the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, which shows that integration of the region will be further enhanced and pragmatic work has started. Under these circumstances, it may be urgent for the US to continue to interfere in Hong Kong affairs.

"The goal is to promote a hostile and suspicious attitude toward China and toward communism and to foster the false concept of a past democratic Hong Kong with a distinct identity," read the New York-based news website Workers World. It warned that what is happening in Hong Kong "should be a danger sign to everyone fighting for change and for social progress."

History of interference

NED has a history of interfering in political affairs in other parts of China as well as around the world. Its website showed that in 2018 alone, it provided 17 items of funding for Tibet-related affairs, including at least

$46,870 to Tibetan separatist movements. More money was poured into other parts of the Chinese mainland in the name of "Human Rights" that year.

Besides China, other countries have also suffered from NED's interference.

The Philippine media outlet the Manila Times said on August 7 that "Hong Kong destabilizer NED is the same outfit funding the anti-Duterte media." The CIA-linked outfit NED has extended about 100 million Philippine pesos ($1.9 million) to vociferous anti-Duterte media outfits, it read.

Historically, the organization has played a special political role in some countries, including Poland, Ukraine, Iran and Myanmar, which have been affected by NED's activities, People's Daily quoted the US-based The National Interest magazine in 2015 as saying.

Li Haidong, the international relations professor, said that the US' "reform" aims to have other countries follow the US' direction, maintain US hegemony and serve its leading role globally. "When the US government does not come forward, its NGOs and foundations play directing roles."

"The US elites make policies to kidnap the masses in the country, in order to serve the insular elites." Li said. "It will damage not only the interests of Hong Kong and the whole of China, but also the US' interests in the long term."

(http://enapp.globaltimes.cn/#/article/1161845)

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